Yeshua said, "For from within, out of the People's hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immoralities, thefts, murders, adulteries, greed, evil actions, deceit, lewdness, stinginess, blasphemy, pride, and foolishness. All these evil things come from within and defile a person." (Mar 7:21-23).
"When tested do not say, 'I am tested from God seeing God is un-tested with evil things? God tests no one!'" (Jam 1:13).
"But rather say, 'Everyone is examined by Elohim when he is drawn away by his own lust, even lured. Then when his lust hath conceived, it births sin, and sin, when it is full term, births death'." (Jam 1:14-15).
"Tests" are opportunities that are often delivered by a satan, as we learn in Num 22:32 ... the Angel of YHVH asked Balaam, "Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? Look, I came out as a satan, because what you are doing is evil in My sight".
"Tests" can also be delivered by a human messenger called a satan, as in 1Kin 11:14,23-25, etc. Satan is a Hebrew word that means one who diverts and hinders or an adversary. The word satan is neutral, therefore someone may be labeled a satan when he is obedient to, or in opposition to Elohim’s authority.
After an opportunity to do right or wrong is proffered, it is internalized, as described in Rom 6:16: "Do you not know that if you offer yourselves to someone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of that one you obey--either of sin leading to death or of obedience leading to righteousness"? These "tests" prove the heart (compare 1Chr 21:1 with 2Sam 24:1 and the story of Ananias in Acts 5:3 with Acts 5:4. See the Sidebar above right).
Proving the heart is dramatized for us in Mat 4:1-11 and Luk 4:1-13, during the "test of the Prophet" (as prescribed in Deu 18:18-22, see Deu 8:2-3,5).
A "devil", or dia-bolos in Greek and dibbah in Hebrew, is a term for a false witness, and was translated as a "slanderer" in 1Tim 3:11. Dia-bolos is identified as Israel's inclination to transgress the Torah; compare Heb 2:14 & Rom 6:6; 8:3.
How to pass the "test" was explained to Cain in Gen 4:7, "If thou be content, shalt thou not be forgiven? And if thou are not content sin lies at the door (a door or gate in Scriptures alludes to "exile", Lev 13:46; see the Similitude of Adam's Transgression, below). And unto thee shall be sin's desire. Yet you can rule over sin".
The Children of Israel can rule over sin and are responsible for their own actions, however there is an original sin. How did it originate? Who does it effect?
Rom 5:8-12 YHVH demonstrated his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners (the word sinner in Hebrew is chata. It is Strong's #2398, and means to forfeit or to bear loss, as in Gen 31:39. The "sinners" are the Exiles; consider Dan 9:3-11), Messiah died on our behalf (on behalf of the exiles of Israel. He died in order to prime the mechanism of repatriation, see Mat 2:6; Luk 1:16; Joh 1:31; Act 13:23-24; 1Cor 15:13-20). Much more then, being now declared blameless with his blood (his death); we shall be rescued from our anger through him (Num 35:25). For if, when we (Israel and Judah) were enemies (Eph 2:13-16; Col 1:21-22), we were reconciled (we exchanged enmity with friendship) in YHVH because of the death of His Son (1Cor 15:36), much more than being reconciled, we shall be saved (resurrected and repatriated to the Land of Israel, Jer 30:10-11; 31:7-9) by his life (1Cor 15:20). And not only so, but we also joy in YHVH through Adoneinu Yeshua the Messiah, by whom we (Israel and Judah) have now reconciled. Wherefore, as by one son-of-man (from the Aramaic text) sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death spread to all sons-of-man, for that all the sons-of-man have sinned.
Adam is the son of Elohim (Luk 3:38) not the "son of man", and therefore not the subject of this verse. Paul is speaking of Israel. The Scriptures refer to the House of Israel as "man" or adam in Psa 90:3; Eze 34:30-31; Hos 6:7; etc. Adam represents an expatriate, Gen 3:22-24.